文章摘要
“子在川上曰:逝者如斯夫”——毛泽东与孔子
“Confucius once Said beside a River: The Passage of Time Is Just Like the Flow of Water, Which Goes on Day and Night”: Mao Zedong & Confucius
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 毛泽东  孔子  思想
英文关键词: Mao Zedong  Confucius  thought
基金项目:
作者单位
曹应旺 中共中央文献研究室北京 100017 
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中文摘要:
      毛泽东把一个人说过的话用作他的两句诗,仅有孔子独享此等殊荣。毛泽东学文化是从读孔子书开始的。孔子的有些思想,如重视学习的思想、“敏于行”的思想,毛泽东坚持了一辈子;孔子的有些思想,如君民关系思想、中庸思想,毛泽东是有取有舍的;孔子的有些思想,如轻视劳动的思想,“民可使由之,不可使知之”的思想,毛泽东批判了一辈子。
英文摘要:
      Mao Zedong uses a persons words as two lines in his poetry, and only Confucius enjoyed such privilege. Mao Zedongs learning of culture begins with his reading of Confucius books. For some Confucius thoughts, such as the thought of attaching importance to learning, the thought of “being swift in action”, Mao Zedong sticks to them all his life. For some Confucius thoughts, such as the thought of the relationship between the monarch and the people, and the doctrine of the mean thought, Mao Zedong makes his own choices. For some Confucius thoughts, such as the thought of the contempt for labor, the thought “the demos can be educated to know what and how to do but not to know why they should do so”, Mao Zedong criticizes them all his life.
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