文章摘要
汉语疑问词的非疑问用法探究
On the Non-interrogative Use of Chinese Wh-phrases
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 汉语疑问词  特指疑问句;存在量词  非疑问用法
英文关键词: Chinese wh phrases  wh questions  existential quantifiers  non interrogative
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金(11YJC740121);湖南省哲学社会科学基金(11YBA328); 中南大学研究生教育教学改革研究课题(2012jg06)
作者单位
薛小英 中南大学 外国语学院湖南 长沙 410083 
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中文摘要:
      除了表示疑问,汉语疑问词还可以用作全称量词和存在量词。“都/也”投射为功能语类DistP,疑问词在推导过程中经过[Spec, DistP]获得逐指解。疑问词处于是非问句、正反问句、祈使句中或受否定词或情态副词成分统领时为存在量词。特指问句、选择问句和是非问句作从句时可以不表示疑问,说明疑问句都有非疑问用法。特指问句、选择问句、是非问句和正反问句的反问、设问和祈使等非疑问用法主要由语用因素决定。
英文摘要:
      Chinese wh phrases can be used as universal quantifiers and existential quantifiers besides their interrogative use. They get their distributive reading at [Spec, DistP] in the process of derivation. Chinese wh phrases are used as existential quantifiers in yes-no questions, A not A questions or imperative sentences or c commanded by negative morpheme or epistemic adverbs. Whether wh questions, alterative questions, yes no questions and A not A questions are used as rhetorical questions or imperative sentences is mainly decided by pragmatic factors.
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