文章摘要
毛泽东否定“八大”主要矛盾论的前因后果
On Cause and Effect of Mao Zedong’s Negating of the Principal Contradiction Proposed at the Eighth Party Congress
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 毛泽东  “八大”国内主要矛盾的实质  阶级斗争和两条道路斗争  晚年错误
英文关键词: Mao Zedong  The "essence" of the principal contradiction proposed at the Eighth Party Congress  class struggle and roads struggle  the mistakes of Mao’s later years
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中文摘要:
      中共"八大"政治报告决议关于国内主要矛盾"实质"的提法是陈伯达提出的,是胡乔木在毛泽东已"定稿"的"决议"上添写进去的,是经毛泽东琢磨同意后付印的。大会一致举手通过决议,毛泽东并未提出反对意见。"八大"结束后,毛泽东对"决议"中关于国内主要矛盾"实质"提出批评意见,在反右派运动中进而根本否定"八大"主要矛盾的论断,明确提出两个阶级、两条道路斗争是主要矛盾。1958年5月,党的"八大"二次会议向党内外公布:在社会主义社会建成以前,无产阶级同资产阶级的斗争,社会主义道路同资本主义道路的斗争始终是我国国内的主要矛盾。根本否定"八大"关于国内主要矛盾的论断,形成了毛泽东晚年错误的历史起点和逻辑出发点。
英文摘要:
      The "essence" of the principal contradiction,which was interpolated in Mao’s finalizing manuscript by Hu Qiao-mu,was proposed by Chen Bo-da at the Eighth Party Congress.It was approved by Mao through his pondering.The resolutions were adopted at the Eighth Party Congress and Mao didn’t bring up any counterviews.After the Eighth Party Congress,Mao criticized the "essence" of the principal contradiction,and then,negated the whole theory of the principal contradiction in the "Anti-Rightist Movement",replaced with the struggle between the two classes and the two roads.In May 1958,the Second Plenary of the Eighth Party Congress proposed the new principal contradiction that before socialist society was set up,the principal contradiction was the struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie,the roads between socialism and capitalism.The negation of the principal contradiction proposed at the Eighth Party Congress is the historical point and the logic springboard of the mistakes in Mao’s later years.
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