文章摘要
我国人才结构失衡现象及其对策研究
On Countermeasures of Talent Structure Imbalance in China: Based on the Analysis Perspective of Structural Departure Degree
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 人才结构  就业结构  失衡  结构偏离度
英文关键词: talent structure  employment structure  imbalance  structural departure degree
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(12YJC790005);江苏省教育厅高校哲学社会科学基金项目(2013SJD630136);南通市委宣传部哲社科基金项目(2013BNT0023)
作者单位
陈玉兰 南通大学 商学院江苏 南通 226019 
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中文摘要:
      大学生“就业难”现象背后凸显出的人才结构失衡问题,已经影响到了我国经济的协调、稳定、快速发展。本研究运用“结构偏离度”分析工具,证实了近年来我国人才结构在产业、地区、企业类型以及学历四个维度上的失衡现象。必须进一步调整产业结构、推进地区人才市场化流动、增强私营企业对人才的吸纳作用以及合理转变人才培育模式,才能有效解决我国人才结构失衡问题,扭转“就业难”的困难局面。
英文摘要:
      The imbalance problem of talent structure in China, which is highlighted by “the most difficult employment” of undergraduates, have blocked Chinas economic development in a coordinated, stable and rapid way. With the analysis tool of “structural departure degree”, this paper testifies that the imbalance of the talent structure on the four dimensions of industry, region, business type and education background. To balance the talent structure and ease the difficult employment, the following adjustment strategies are proposed, such as restructuring the industrial structure, facilitating the marketization flow of regional talents, enhancing the absorptive function of private enterprises for talents and transforming the talent cultivating mode.
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